What are Adoption Services?
Adoption Services are institutions and departments that authorize and regulate adoption, which allows individuals who are not recognized as the birthparents of a child to assume guardianship – which includes all facets of parental responsibility – with regard to the life and wellbeing of an adopted child or children.
Due to the sensitive nature of the adoption process, Adoption Services exist in order to address the concerns of the parties involved, ease the transition inherent within the adoption process, and ensure that both the human and legal rights of all parties involved are protected. The adoption process enacted by legislation existing within the realm of the adoption process and Adoption Services may range with regard to the approval, screening, interview, authorization, and matching processes.
Adoption Services Regulation
Adoption Services vary in both their respective ideology, as well their respective structure. On one hand, Adoption Services may be operated by the governing body of a specific country or nation; on the other hand, Adoption Services may be privately owned and operated – however, all Adoption Services are required to be regulated, overseen, and authorized by the governing body of their nation of residence.
Adoption Services are subject to rigorous investigation, screening, and authorization processes mandated by the governing bodies ensuring the upkeep of legislation within a particular nation. Due to the fact that Adoption Services involve children – most of whom are minors – supplementary legislation, statutes, and procedures are enacted in order to avoid any criminal activity, exploitation, or violation of human rights.
What are the Different Types of Adoption?
In conjunction to the varying natures of the adoption processes, Adoption Services will tend to facilitate one or more of these processes with regard to method in which adoption is facilitated:
Open Adoption Services
Open Adoption Services are institutions facilitating the adoption of a child that includes the participation of both the birth parents, as well as the adoptive parents. Adoption Services facilitating this process allow for both parents to meet or communicate with regard to the transfer of guardianship from birth parent to adoptive parent; in many cases, the birth parents will be able submit requests with regard to the raising of the child – moreover, the respective identities of both groups of parents are known by all involved parties.
Closed Adoption Services
In contrast to Open Adoption Services, Closed Adoption Services do not allow for the communication between the birth parents and the adoptive parents; typically, the respective identities are kept confidential – the only record of identification will normally reside within the adoption records of those Adoption Services.
International Adoption Services
International Adoption Services are classified as institution facilitating the adoption of children born in one country or nation to adoptive parents residing in another country or nation; furthermore, International Adoption Services may undertake a variety of methodology including both Open Adoption and Closed Adoption Processes. However, the undertaking of the adoption process existing on a global level allows for a variety of supplementary legislation with regard to the adoption process – these types of Adoption Services are typically overseen in the most strict and stringent fashions in order to avoid exploitation and crimes involving children.
Single Parents and LGBT Adoption Service
LGBT Adoption Services may be operated by varying states and countries, which will vary with regard to the requirements and applicable statutes undertaken within that area of residence. Legality and regulations existing in the event that a single parent wishes to adopt a child may vary; similarly, individual states vary with regard to their respective legislation concerning permission granted to homosexual couples to adopt – however, certain states may require the collective consent on behalf of married couples interested in adoption.